Monday, February 25, 2019

Information about the Umayyad Mosque

Amawy mosque
The Umayyad Mosque or the Umayyad Mosque is known as the Great Umayyad Mosque or the Al Mamoor Mosque, which is one of the most famous historical and religious monuments located in the center of Damascus, the oldest Syrian city, and one of the masterpieces of the unique Arab Islamic architecture. It was built in 705 AD During the reign of the Umayyad Caliph al-Walid bin Abdul-Malik, who ordered the construction of a mosque worthy of the status of Damascus and the greatness of the Umayyads and the glorification of their caliphate, it is one of the rare works of art in its decoration of the Islamic oriental architecture. It is a unique example of its originality and the creation of its mosaic structure, Ron and the post door (in front of the western door) are the remains of the Jupiter temple and its winding columns, which were converted by the Yevgenetian era into a basilica.

Information about the Umayyad Mosque

  • The Umayyad Mosque was built 1200 years ago. It was a temple of the god of thunder, fertility and rain (identified by the Armenians). During the reign of the Romans, they built the Temple of Jupiter. The temple (John the Baptist) was built in the northern region.
  • The Muslims, after entering Damascus, divided the church into two parts: the Western section of the Christians and the eastern section of the Muslims until the Umayyad Caliphate took over bin Abdul Malik in 86 AH and 705 AD. He ordered the building of the best mosque with its splendor, its adornment and Islamic mosaics. Christians to sell their section to Muslims, in exchange for the Church of Ananias and other rights.
  • The area of ​​the mosque is about 157 × 97 meters, the area of ​​the mosque is 136 × 37 meters, and the courtyard area is 22.5 x 60 meters.
  • The center of the Umayyad Mosque is located in the old city of Damascus. It has four doors: the door of the cloister from the north, the post door to the west, the door to the south and the door of the door to the east. The doors of the mosque are closed with wooden doors. Surrounded by the three sides are columns and galleries with a height of up to (15.35) meters.
  • The mosque complex consists of 24 similar and parallel vaults of the tribal wall, with a wing that runs through the main front door and up to the mihrab. The wing covers a sigmoid roof with an eagle dome in the shape of a semicircular dome made of laminated wood.
  • The Umayyad Mosque has four mihrabs dedicated to the four sects. The original mihrab is located in the middle of the tribal wall. The mausoleum of the large mihrab is built next to it. Its wall is decorated with marble mosaics and is a sign of creativity and craftsmanship.
  • There is the tomb of the Prophet peace be upon him and the large mihrab, two of the most beautiful religious monuments of the art of Oriental decoration in the city of Damascus.
  • The Umayyad Mosque is considered one of the most important religious and tourist places in Syria, and the visitor wishes to stay there to reflect on its beauty and grandeur. No one can go to Damascus or visit to pray.
  • It has three minarets, a large dome (the eagle's dome) and four doors. It has three domes, a saucer, four niches, a scene of Abu Bakr, Mashhad Othman, Mashhad al-Hussein and Mashruh Erwa. It includes large mosaic panels, a museum and large halls.
  • It has the tomb of the hero Salah al-Din al-Ayyubi, alongside the shrines of the famous Islamic history, and decorated with large numbers of vultures, sultans, successors and kings of Muslims.
  • The Umayyad Mosque is the first mosque to be entered by the popes of Rome, where Pope John Paul II visited him during his visit to Damascus in 2001.

The interior doors of the Umayyad Mosque

  • The door of the cockpit: the door that leads to the speech room inside the campus.
  • Al-Barda Gate: It was known in ancient times as the main gate that runs between the bowl of the mosque and its sanctuary, as it was recently called the door of the clamshell or sandwiched.
  • Bab al-Khadra (Gate of Secret): whose position was not confirmed by Ibn Qadi, and is believed to be the door leading to the Green Palace, which was used by the Umayyad caliphs to enter the mosque.
  • The door of the Byzantine era: the fact that the southern wall of the mosque, the manuscript above writings of the Greek Church of John the Baptist.

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