Saturday, March 16, 2019

Information about the Andes


Andean Range
The Andean Range is located along the west coast of South America and is the longest mountain range in the world, with a length of 7100 km in seven countries: Argentina, Chile, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela. It is characterized by its narrow width of 500 km, and rises from the surface of the ground distance of 4000 meters, and the importance of this large mountain range will be presented in this article information about the Andes Mountains.

Nature of the Andes
The Andes have been formed since antiquity due to the movement of tectonic plates. Due to the pressure and heat factors, the rocks that make up the mountains have turned into many types. The mountains include sandstone, limestone, quartz, marble, oil shale and Andesite volcanoes scattered throughout the region , Where more than 50 volcanoes are active on the western and eastern borders of this series. The geographical spread of the mountains along the South American coast has also contributed to climate variability, with the northern regions characterized by a warm and humid climate, Central areas of dry cold climate, and in the south, where extremely cold snow covering the southern mountain peaks as well as the thick fog that surrounds them.

Landmarks of the Andes
The Andes Mountains are full of many lakes, rivers, volcanoes and high peaks that have made it a tourist attraction that attracts many tourists from around the world.

Ojos del Salado volcano: It is the most prominent feature of the Andes Mountains, with an altitude of approximately 6,900 meters above sea level. This mountain is located on Argentina's border with Chile.
Lake Titicaca: This lake is located on the Peruvian border and is considered one of the most famous holy lakes with its blue waters and abundant rivers, which number about 25 rivers.
Atacama Desert: Known as the driest in the world.
Andean Plateau: The second highest plateau in the world.
The most famous Andean mountain animals
There are many species of animals in the topography of these mountains, ranging from mammals, birds, reptiles, fish and amphibians. The most famous animals living in these mountains are the following:



Alpaca is a species of mammal and belongs to the camel species. It is considered a domesticated animal that has accompanied the indigenous people for many years. Alpaca is present in the high plateaus of Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador and northern Chile.
Short-tail chinchilla: This animal belongs to the rodent species and is considered an endangered animal; as a result of overfishing in the search for fur, the species currently lives in the central and southern regions of the mountains.
The Andean Cat is one of the rare animals living in the highlands of the Andes. The Andean cat population is less than 2500.
 Titikaka Lake Frog: It is one of the most endangered species of the lake. The factors of pollution, hunting and salmon are factors that have affected the low numbers of this type of frog.
The goose is characterized by the white and black feathers that cover her body, the color of her pink skin, the orange color covering her legs and feet, and live this type of geese in the regions of Argentina, Chile, Bolivia and Peru.
The Andean bear: The Andean bear is known for its black fur and sharp eyesight, and is therefore known as the polar bear. The species is found in forest forests in Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.

0 komentar:

Post a Comment