Friday, March 22, 2019

Tourism in Saudi Arabia

Tourism in Saudi Arabia
Tourism in Saudi Arabia

an introduction

Tourism in Saudi Arabia is one of the emerging sectors. Religious tourism is the most important pillar, as it is the cradle of Islamic religion, which makes it a tourist attraction. The Mosque of Al-Haramo Mosque of Prophet Muhammad means millions of Muslims to perform Umrah. Tourism has received increasing support from the Saudi government, represented by the General Authority for Tourism and National Heritage, which aims at developing and rehabilitating tourism and heritage sites, upgrading the accommodation sector, travel agencies and tourist services, developing activities and events in tourist sites and developing tourism human resources. The Commission seeks to complete its mission towards transforming tourism into an economic sector that contributes increasingly to the gross national product and to support the national economy.

The Saudi tourism sector contributed to the growth of the gross domestic product by more than 7.2% in 2011. The employment rate of Saudis exceeded 26% of the total number of employees in the tourism sector, which employ 670 thousand direct jobs. This also contributed to 9.1% of the total workforce in the Kingdom In the private sector. According to World Tourism Organization data, Saudi Arabia's share of the number of tourist trips to the Middle East was 32%. A report at the World Economic Forum also revealed that Saudi Arabia had raised $ 76 billion in tourism in 2013, of which foreign tourists spent $ 48 billion and local tourists spent $ 28 billion.
In 2008, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared Madain Saleh (Al-Hajar) a World Heritage Site, thus becoming the first site in Saudi Arabia to join the World Heritage List. In the year 2010, the list was added to the list. In 2014, the historical Jeddah was added to the same list. The rock arts in Hail were added in 2015 to the World Heritage List, as well as Al-Ahsa Oasis in 2018. The Kingdom ranked the fourth tourist destination in the world tourism index For the OIC countries for the year 2014.

The fundamentals of tourism in Saudi Arabia

Here I will briefly discuss the most important elements that may contribute significantly to the tourism activity in the Kingdom, including:

1 - Political stability: where Saudi Arabia enjoys political stability as few in the world.

2. Cultural wealth: The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, which occupies the largest area of ​​the Arabian Peninsula has a cultural heritage, heritage and intellectual distinct since long ages.

3. Natural diversity: The Kingdom is characterized by its varied surface and climate between high mountains, flat plains, extended deserts and warm waters, and this diversity undoubtedly enriches the tourism movement throughout the year.

4. Good infrastructure: In the Kingdom, an excellent infrastructure was built through the five successive plans. It became easy to obtain many vital and important services for any modern economic activity such as electricity, water, transportation, communications and others.

5 - The nature of Saudi human hospitable: The Saudi citizen, who cherishes his religion and genuine Arabism can only be generous coexisting with everyone in accordance with the established principles that believe in and practice in different aspects of life with other people.

In fact, there are many features that indicate the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to the tourism sector of attention and attention as a vital sector of young people waiting for many, many factors:

- Attention to tourist sites within Saudi cities
- Holding tourist festivals throughout the country
- Supporting and encouraging various summer programs
- The Supreme Commission for Tourism

 traveling in Saudi Arabia

Tourism in the Kingdom is divided into several different directions that attract tourists whether they are Arabs or foreigners:-

Religious tourism :

Religious tourism in Saudi Arabia is one of the most important sources of income and one of the biggest pillars of the economy. Millions of Muslims visit it each year due to the presence of the Holy Mosque in Mecca, the Prophet's Mosque in Medina and the holy sites in Makkah. Hajj and Umrah. On the other hand, the components of religious tourism in Saudi Arabia are remarkably available and are intended to be pillars of the economy. Statistics show that the religious tourism sector in Saudi Arabia managed to generate $ 7 billion of annual revenues in 2009 M, in According to official forecasts, the Saudi tourism sector contributes 2.7% to the GDP, thus creating more than 1 million jobs under government funding of 2.4 billion riyals. There are also many other Islamic sites. There are a number of mosques, Qaba'a, which is known as the site of the first mosque in Islam, and the Mosque of Qiblatin, which gained its name from the incident of changing the direction of the Qibla, where a number of pilgrims and Umrah pilgrims are keen to visit a number of important religious tourist sites, most notably the cave of Hira in Jabal Al Nour, Thor in Mount Thor, and Mount Arafa located outside the boundaries of the Haram,, k There are sites that have witnessed important historical events and a break in the beginning of Islamic history, including the shed of Bani Sa'adah, the sites of the battles of Badr and one of the parties.

Ecotourism in the Kingdom:

Due to the Kingdom's vast area, beaches along the Red Sea and Arabian Gulf coasts, high mountain ranges and diverse ecosystems, ecotourism is an important element of its internal tourist attractions. However, it does not The tourism situation in the Arab world, and in the GCC countries in particular, is relatively limited, with only 3% of the GDP. Saudi Arabia invested about 25 billion riyals in this field between 1995 and 2002, Tourism has grown and attracted local tourists to 27% out of 4 million Saudi tourists go abroad annually, spend up to 64 billion riyals, and Saudi tourists spend between 6 and 10 billion riyals on ecotourism. According to the global estimates of the share of ecotourism in all fields of tourism, the Fifth Development Plan (1410 - 1415 e / 1990-1995) the actual beginning of the interest in tourism in the Kingdom, where tourism facilities have expanded significantly both on the mountain heights or the coasts of the sea.

The National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development was established in 1986 and a strategic plan for the establishment of protected areas was developed in the Kingdom. The plan included the proposal of 108 protected areas representing various environments and biodiversity in the Kingdom, including 56 land areas, Distributed over 38 areas in the Red Sea and 24 in the Arabian Gulf, estimated at 8% of the Kingdom. The Commission has adopted 16 land and marine protected areas with a total area of ​​more than 80 thousand square kilometers, estimated at 4% , And the Commission has worked to protect these areas and the resettlement of some wildlife, Which was extinct from the wild or threatened with extinction. The Arabian Oryx were reintroduced in the Mahazah Al-Sayad Reservoir and the Arrouq Bani Bani Fadi, as well as Ghazalan Al-Reem, as well as the presence of deer in Al-Awal and Arun Bani Fadi, Fishing, saga and Umm al-Ramth, in addition to the development of other plant and animal species in the reserve, containing about 2250 species of flora, about 500 species of wild and marine birds, and hundreds of species of mammals, lizards, amphibians, fish and insects .

Medical tourism in the Kingdom:

Medical tourism in Saudi Arabia remains weak, despite the presence of a number of specialized hospitals and some of the natural hospital sites represented by the warm and similar eyes in the Kingdom. The Kingdom includes specialized hospitals in the field of oncology as well as bone marrow transplantation as well as cosmetic surgery with its precise programs. Some of these medical centers and hospitals are equipped with technical, hotel and medical facilities. Riyadh, Jeddah and Al Khobar are among the cities that can be the ideal destination for those seeking treatment, as they are the most qualified and ready for other cities in the Kingdom , And the natural nature of the hospital is the presence of warm eyes scattered in different locations of the Kingdom, and warm eyes is a water springs from the eyes associated with different types of rocks, which vary according to their geological structures, some of them linked to the rocks of the fire or transformed base and there are others linked to the rocks sedimentary cover , So the quality of hot spring water varies depending on the chemical and chemical composition of the rocks, some of which can treat some skin diseases and joint pain known as rheumatism, and the most prominent of these eye warm eye in the province between the owner and eye In the province of Al-Harth (Khouba), which belong to the region of Jazan, and the warm eyes in the province of Al-Leith of the Makkah Region, and the warm eye in the province of Al-Ahsa of the Eastern Province, and recently implemented the National Authority for Tourism and National Heritage project is the first of its kind in the Kingdom, This is part of a plan for the development of hot springs in Jazan. Jazan University was represented by the Faculty of Tropical Medicine and the General Directorate of Health Affairs from the bodies that cooperated with it in the implementation of the project. Eyes are visitors Mostly from within the Kingdom and from the GCC.

Shopping tourism in the Kingdom:

Shopping tourism is one of the most important tourist areas in the Kingdom. Statistics indicate that shopping tourism accounts for 75% of the total spending on leisure activities in the Kingdom. Shopping tourism is usually for shopping and buying country products. There are many options in the shopping area, where there are popular markets, traditional grocery stores, supermarkets and modern commercial malls, and there are many international brands and products. In the popular markets there are many things such as handicrafts, furniture, Carpets, perfumes, incense, gold, jewelry, antiques, art and clothing, etc. Popular markets are usually found in all cities and major villages. Most major cities are characterized by modern commercial centers, some of which are known landmarks The festival, which is held in the city of Riyadh every summer, combines cultural, recreational and marketing tourism, and represents a national event that seeks to attract tourists from all over the world. To improve internal tourism Through the various events of the festival. It also contains popular products from all regions of the Kingdom. It attracts visitors from various regions and visitors from outside the Kingdom. The expenditure of local tourists on shopping in Riyadh alone in 2011 was about 665 Which is SR 497 million.

Business tourism:

The General Commission for Tourism and National Heritage has been interested in business tourism in the Kingdom. The Authority has worked with the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, the Councils of Chambers of Commerce, the regions and others to develop what is required of this type of tourism to be more competitive. The presence of exhibitions, conferences, meetings and participation in the Kingdom is witnessing a remarkable and growing growth in the field of business tourism, due to the economic and urban development, and the services and infrastructure. , Where tourist spending is estimated to be around About 21% of the total tourism in the Kingdom has more than 100,000 business activities annually, attended by more than 3.9 million tourists with expenditure of more than 4.2 billion riyals. There are more than 600 exhibition halls, conferences and meetings. In 2013, business tourism achieved 14 billion riyals and is expected to reach 20 billion in 2024.

Top 12 Tourist Destinations in Saudi Arabia

Tourism in Saudi Arabia may not have the necessary momentum, and it may not rank high on the list of tourist countries in the world, but this does not mean it is a country that does not deserve the visit or does not contain what is worth seeing. On the contrary, Saudi Arabia, These are attractive and unusual attractions, but the difference lies in the state's efforts to promote them globally.

But what is certain is that tourism in Saudi Arabia is a sector that will know the development and prosperity of the coming years, especially with the vision of 2030 that aims to make the Kingdom a country whose resources are not limited to oil.

Last year, 18 million people came to the kingdom, but all were for the religious purpose of performing the rituals of Hajj. Apart from this Islamic edifice, which is proud of the Arabs and Muslims, Saudi Arabia has another face that needs to be discovered.

In this context, and for those who have the idea of ​​visiting the Kingdom, we suggest the most beautiful and strange 20 tourist destinations worth visiting this country rich in heritage and civilization.

1. Wadi Lajb - Al-Rayth

This area is a rocky middleway running in the northeastern city of Jizan, serving as an ideal rides and swimming pool.

This area is intended for many holidaymakers from within the Kingdom, especially in the summer. Due to its beautiful nature and its unique atmosphere, the rocky sides of the valley cover the sun for the rest of the day, allowing the visitors to stay for long periods of time.

2. Sharm Abhour - Jeddah

One of the most important tourist areas in Saudi Arabia is Sharm Abhur, which is located 30 kilometers from the city of Jeddah or as it is called the Red Sea Bride.
This distinctive beach is located on the eastern side of the Red Sea and in the west of Saudi Arabia, frequented by tourists in the summer as a summer tourist destination excellence.

Sharm Abhur offers visitors moments of entertainment and recreation through a variety of recreational activities such as diving and sunbathing, without forgetting the magnificent sunset scene at this beach, do not miss the summer fun available at this place!

3. Wadi al-Touqi

In the capital, Riyadh is one of the most attractive tourist areas and is proud of the Saudis. This is the valley of Tawqi, which is the longest valley, surrounded by a spectacular nature of rocks and trees, especially the al-Talh trees. The visits to this valley are at its peak in spring and summer.

When the rain falls in this area, there are more waterfalls that increase the beauty of the landscape, but being there at that time is difficult because of its muddy environment, which is difficult to walk.

4. Al-Tanhat Gardens - Al-Tanahat Kindergarten

For family gatherings in the nature of nature, you will not find better than Al-Tanahat kindergarten, located in the city of Riyadh, surrounded by the sands of Dahna from the east. It has many valleys and is considered one of the largest kindergartens.

The enchanting nature of the Al-Tanhat Kindergarten is embodied in the trees of Al-Talh and Al-Sadr, and the different types of flowers that make this place a distinctive spring destination.

5. Domat Al-Jandal-Al-Jouf

Domat al-Jandal is one of the most important tourist attractions in Saudi Arabia. It is a well known tourist destination frequented by Saudis and foreigners.
This area includes many tourist sites including Lake Domat al-Jandal, which is at the forefront of the attention of visitors to the region, as well as heritage sites belonging to the Islamic civilization, which is characterized by the Kingdom, such as Omar ibn al-Khattab Mosque and minaret, which is the first minarets in Islam.

And do not forget the neighborhood of the archaeological shield, which will dazzle mud homes and stone paved paths.

6. Viva Mountains (Fifa) - Jazan

One of the most beautiful landscapes you can enjoy in Saudi Arabia is definitely the Fifa Mountains, especially for the lovers of mountainous nature, the Fifa Mountains located in the eastern part of Jazan, a group of mountains wrapped around each other.

If you are a fan of adventure and mountain climbing, this area should not be excluded from the list of areas you are planning to visit. It may seem like a mountain of mountains. This will push you further to discover its magic.

7. Nozzle of the woe - Taif

In the desert of the Kingdom there is one of the dramatic scenes that may make you look like a meteor in the region, but it is not!

This "terrifying nozzle" area is the largest in the Middle East, formed by volcanic activity that led to an underground explosion generated by volcanic contact with molten rock and previously characterized by volcanic activity.

8. Edge of the World - Riyadh

The edge of the world or the "look", as the locals call it, is one of the most beautiful tourist attractions in Saudi Arabia frequented by adventurous lovers and lovers of exceptional destinations, which, although unknown, are a tourist masterpiece especially worth seeing in autumn and winter, very.

This place is about 90 km from the capital, Riyadh. It has a spectacular natural view. It is noteworthy that this place 50 million years ago was the bottom of a large sea that flooded the Arabian Peninsula to the Levant.

9. The village of Ein Ain archaeological - Baha

The heritage sites, with all its details and history, are the most distinctive of tourism in Saudi Arabia, and one of the oldest of these places is the 400-year-old village of Ain Ain.

The shape of the old houses and their beautiful monuments make the village a suitable place for lovers to explore the wonders of history and heritage. The village is located on the water that is located under the foot of the mountain and does not break throughout the year.

10. Noura Gardens - Nourah Kindergarten

Noura Kindergarten in the north of Riyadh is one of the areas that can be enjoyed in its natural surroundings. This kindergarten is medium in size and full of natural plants that delight the spectators.

There are large private parks in the spring season, where nature is boasting.

11. Rock drawings in Hail

Rock paintings in Al-Hail One of the important archaeological sites recorded in the World Heritage List by UNESCO, this archaeological site dates back more than 10,000 years BC.

Archaeologists will find their place in this place and breathe the fragility of the world heritage with those rock paintings that tell of a history that has been preserved and preserved.

12. Fursan Island - Jazan

The Forsan Islands have high tourist attractions that are more global than they actually are, with a total of 84 islands.

The Farasan Islands are about 50 kilometers from Jazan city, with coral formation, exotic freshwater cracks, snails and turtles as well as fossilized marine organisms.

Video about tourism in Saudi Arabia

The following video shows the most important tourist areas in Saudi Arabia and the best

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